Corn is a high yielding commodity and a widely used ingredient in food products. Maize is the most abundantly produced cereal in the world. It is grown in every continent except Antarctica. About 50 species exist and consist of different colors, textures, and grain shapes and sizes. White, yellow, and red are the most common cultivated maize types. The maize crop serves a number of purposes, from being used as animal feed or for products such as corn starch and corn syrup.
Rice is of special importance for the nutrition of large reaches of the population in Asia parts of Latin America and the Caribbean and, increasingly so, in Africa. As a result, it plays a pivotal role for the food security of over half the world population. Rice also provides minerals, vitamins, and fiber, although all constituents except carbohydrates are reduced by milling.
Wheat is one of the principal cereal grains produced and consumed globally. It is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and continues to be the most important grain food source for human consumption. Wheat is a major food staple because of the wheat plant’s agronomic adaptability, ease of grain storage, and ease of converting grain into flour for making staple food products. It is the major source of carbohydrates in the diet of people from many countries, including Australia, most of Europe, Northern Asia, and Northern Africa.
Oats are a cereal grain with high soluble fiber content. They are a source of food for both people and animals and an ingredient in the production of cosmetics. Oats make you full longer and regulate blood sugar and cholesterol due to high soluble fibers and have high anti-inflammatory properties. Oats are used as the best amino acid balance of all cereal grains and water-binding agent in skin care products, shampoos, moisturizers and cleansing bars.